Vaccinations protect you against contagious diseases that are hard to treat or not treatable at all. Some of these diseases can be fatal or result in serious disabilities (e.g. polio, measles). By getting vaccinated you can protect yourself and the people around you (family, friends, co-workers).
Vaccinations are built up in steps. Several partial vaccinations are applied to provide basic immunization. Only few vaccines last for life. In most cases, booster vaccinations are required in regular intervals.
Basic immunization against the following diseases should be done as soon as at the age of two to twenty-three months: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib), polio, hepatitis B, pneumococci, meningococci, measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.
For vaccinations such as tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough and polio, a booster vaccination should be done at the age of five to seventeen.
From age eleven to twenty-six (at the latest) girls and boys should receive basic HPV virus vaccination, as this virus may lead to cervical cancer.
Adults should check if they require a booster vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus or whooping cough. Persons born after 1963 with an unclear vaccination status, who have never been vaccinated against measles, or who received their only measles vaccination during their childhood are recommended to obtain vaccination against measles.
Certain circumstances in life (newly occurring chronic diseases, new job, new spare time activities, pregnancy, etc.) may change our need to obtain vaccinations.
Basic immunization against the TBE virus transmitted by ticks is recommended to persons who frequently spend time in areas with an increased presence of the TBE virus, whether for leisure (jogging, mountain biking, hiking) or professional (forest work, gardening) reasons.
During pregnancy, an influenza poses a serious health risk both to the mother and her child. Therefore, an influenza vaccination is recommended during pregnancy. It should also be ensured that the pregnant mother is adequately vaccinated against rubella to reduce the risk of deformities in the child.
Whooping cough can be life-threatening to a young baby. Most babies get infected by persons they are in contact with (usually the parents). It is therefore important that those contact persons are sufficiently vaccinated against whooping cough.
Vaccinations are generally well-tolerated. Any side effects are usually harmless and short-lived. IN approximately two to twenty percent of all cases, there are local reactions around the injection site (redness, swelling, overheating, pain). These reactions usually subside after a few days. In approximately 10 percent of all cases, there may be general reactions such as flu-like symptoms, gastrointestinal problems and a fever. These usually subside after a few days as well.